Bergen is Norway’s second largest city with a population of roughly 270,000, also called ‘the city between seven mountains’ because of the many mountains that surround it. Bergen was one of the major Hanseatic cities in Europe and it has been a great centre of trade throughout the ages. Fish was exported from Bergen, while grain was the chief import. The first German merchants came to the city already in 1270, and the powerful Hanseatic League existed until 1784, when it was disbanded. The Hanseatic merchants operated in the Bryggen area, which is now included on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. To the most important places to be visit are the Fortress, the Hakonshallen and the Bryggen (port facilities from the 16th century) .The city tour ends with the Fløibanen funicular, one of Norway’s best-known attractions and the only railway of its kind in the country.